Being able to make Space Marines is a labor intensive and well guarded secret to those who possess it. However, given that the Chaos Legions don't get their reinforcements solely from renegade and fallen Astrates chapters means they have some understanding of how to make their own. At the very least we know Fabius Bile makes quite a name for himself selling not only Astrates but "enhancements" to the Chaos loyal Astrates.
The question then becomes, "How much time, material and resources would be required to create a Space Marine? Should it even be possible for a PC to obtain the ability to make his own Astrates?" And even deeper, "Is it possible to reverse engineer the process back to the point of creating Primarchs given enough time, materials and resources? If so, is such an endeavor within the scope of standard Black Crusade game?"